Pipestone National Monument
3000 BCE – 1960s
Pipestone, Minnesota

Pipestone National Monument 3000 BCE – 1960s Pipestone, Minnesota

For 3,000 years, the pipestone deposits in western Minnesota have been quarried for their distinctive reddish stone and are considered sacred by many American Indian cultures. Pipestone National Monument was established in 1937 to preserve this heritage. Many of the existing buildings at the monument were constructed in the 1950s as part of the Mission 66 capital development program, including a visitor center, housing, facilities, and a physical plant. In the late 1960s, the Upper Midwest American Indian Cultural Craft Center was built to provide an environment in which American Indians could practice their craftmaking skills and display their work.

ARCH3, LLC performed large format photography to accompany the HABS, HAER, and HALS documents prepared at Pipestone National Monument by the National Park Service. Documentation included the facility’s museum building, pipestone quarries, interpretive trails, a Civilian Conservation Corps reservoir, and 1950s-era park ranger housing.

HALS MN-5-02 Pipestone National Monument Sioux Quartzite Steps to Clifftop (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Landscapes Survey)

HALS MN-5-01 Pipestone National Monument Steps to the "Oracle" (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Landscapes Survey)

HALS MN-3-01 Pipestone National Monument Circle Trail (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Landscapes Survey)

HALS MN-3-04 Pipestone National Monument Circle Trail Waterfall (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Landscapes Survey)

HAER MN-120-02 Pipestone National Monument Exhibit Quarry (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Engineering Record)

HABS MN-167-03 Pipestone National Monument Visitor Center (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Buildings Survey)

HABS MN-167-08 Pipestone National Monument Visitor Center Entrance (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Buildings Survey)

HALS MN-167-11 Pipestone National Monument Visitor Center Desk (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Buildings Survey)

HABS MN-167-17 Pipestone National Monument Visitor Center Exhibits (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Buildings Survey)

HABS MN-168-04 Pipestone National Monument Mission 66 House (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Buildings Survey)

HABS MN-168-05 Pipestone National Monument Mission 66 House (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Buildings Survey)

HABS MN-168-07 Pipestone National Monument Mission 66 House Living Room (Please credit Daniel R. Pratt and the Historic American Buildings Survey)